Not Just Another Pet Blog

Totally just another pet blog

115 notes

angerinyourbones:

Service animals: provide services to disabled people. Are protected by the ADA. Are task trained. Require no certification. Have public access. Can live in apartments that do not allow pets. Can fly on planes. Only dogs and mini horses are covered by the ADA. Your cat is not a service cat.

Therapy animals: go into hospitals, schools etc. Provide comfort. Are trained and certified. Not task trained. Do not have public access. Are not allowed on planes. cannot live in no pet housing. Not protected by the ADA.

Emotional Support Animals (ESAs): provide comfort. Are allowed on planes with a note from a doctor. Are allowed in no pet housing with a note from a doctor. Do not have public access. Are not task trained. Not protected by the ADA.

The more you know. *throws confetti*

(via classicalequestrian)

71 notes

The 8 Ways of Changing Behavior

unhappyhorses:

Adapted from Karen Pryor’s site.

There are obviously a million ways to affect behavior in animals. These are eight fundamental approaches to behavior modification. Karen Pryor refers to the first four as ‘bad fairies’ and the latter as ‘good fairies’ because while each can be effective, some are more effective, or humane. They’re ranked roughly from the worst to the best approach.

1. Kill the animal.

You see this a lot with aggressive dogs, euthanized for their dangerous behavior. This definitely stops the behavior from being a problem, but I don’t think I have to tell you why it’s not your best option. (This also refers to selling or otherwise getting rid of the animal. You see this a lot with intractable horses.)

2. Punishment.

You’re all familiar with this one. When the animal displays the unwanted behavior, you apply an aversive or unpleasant stimulus, ranging from yelling, to kicking, to whipping, to shocking them with an electric collar.

3. Negative reinforcement.

This is the foundation of most horse training. One example might be a horse that crowds you (undesirable behavior), and so you jerk on their halter or smack them with the lead rope to back away. When they back away, getting out of your space (stopping the undesirable behavior), you stop the unpleasant stimulus (jerking, smacking, etc). (If you know what pressure and release is, you know what negative reinforcement is.)

4. Extinction.

Extinction of behavior occurs when the behavior goes unreinforced and gradually the animal gives it up. One example might be a dog that jumps up on people because it is reinforced by either their loud protests (which can be fun and exciting for a dog, particularly a puppy) or the attention they receive. When the dog jumps (the undesirable behavior), if you consistently stand still and ignore them, eventually the dog will realize that nothing fun happens when he jumps, and he will stop.

5. Put the behavior on cue (and then don’t cue it).

I had a conversation with someone on Tumblr a while back who had a horse with a rearing problem. They taught this horse to rear on command, and then never gave the command. Essentially you take the unwanted behavior under your control.

6. Train an incompatible behavior.

This is what I focus on a lot with horses. For pushy horses that mug me for food, I teach them to drop their heads to the ground, or back up. They can’t physically push at me if their head is on the ground or backed out of my space. Instead of telling them ‘No’, and punishing an undesirable behavior, I say ‘do this instead’, and reward them for a desired behavior. This eliminates the need to punish.

7. Shape the absence of the behavior.

You reinforce anything that is not that behavior. In a sense this is the same at number 6, but broader. Instead of actively teaching a mugging horse to back up, for example, you might just reward them for any behavior that isn’t mugging. If they look somewhere else, you reward that. If they drop their head to itch a leg, you reward that. (Imo, training a specific incompatible behavior is preferable, because it’s easier for an animal to grasp ‘Do This’ instead of ‘Don’t Do This’. This is especially true with clicker training, where the animal is actively trying to unlock a desired behavior, and the absence of behavior isn’t something they can easily grasp.)

8. Change the motivation.

A ton of horses would improve massively if their handlers took this into consideration, because a huge amount of equine misbehavior is circumstantial. If you put a horse in a stall all day, you shouldn’t be surprised if they start to kick the walls, or crib, or weave. If you are meeting all of your horse’s physical and mental needs, they will become better behaved.

And on a fundamental level, number 8 is a big argument for food-based training. If you train a horse by whacking them with a whip or a rope, you shouldn’t be surprised when they display undesirable behavior, whether that be irritated head throwing, ear-pinning, balking, biting, or kicking. The horses I train are not motivated to avoidant behavior (like refusing to be caught) because training is always a positive experience for them.

I remember reading this list for the first time in Karen Pryor’s book (Don’t Shoot the Dog, which I recommend to anyone who can get a copy) and it being really useful to me, so hopefully some of you guys find it useful as well!

(via classicalequestrian)

341 notes

izzy-the-fish-girl:

There comes a time in every aquarist’s hobby when they have to downsize for one reason or another. I’m trying to move a few states over, so the less I have to move the better. But my loss is your gain! I’m taking down the 10 gal shrimp tank, and the plants need a new home! They have been growing in the tank for about a year now and are all very well established. Duckweed and snails may accompany the plants, but I’ll do my best to get it all off.

What you’ll get

  1. two anubias attached to driftwood
  2. two dwarf sagittaria
  3. cuttings of Rotala rotundifolia that has done well for me in low/med light
  4. optional: java moss, christmas moss, dwarf water lettuce, baby java fern, baby water sprite, and subwassertang


Rules

  • must be following me! (I’ll check)
  • both reblogs and likes count
  • you may reblog it as many times as you like, but consider your followers
  • must be living in the continental USA. I don’t want to deal with shipping live plants through customs.
  • must be older than 18 and willing to give my your shipping address


ENDS Sunday June 1 at 11pm eastern time! I’ll ship it out (and cover the costs) the following Monday. I will chose via random number generator! GOOD LUCK!

Filed under giveaway

2,385 notes

corellian:

notpuckconnolly:

redribbontails:

dutchster:

buzzfeed:

A rather sad Justin Bieber went for a horseback ride.

WHY IS HE PULLING HIS PANTS DOWN EVEN MORE

WHY THE FUCK ARE HIS STIRRUPS SO HIGH

WHAT A DERP

(I’m sure whoever helped him on was just like, fuck it, I don’t care. Look like a moron again)

^ reblogging for the comments and only the comments, but look at his seat, he’s not even in the seat of the saddle but instead on the tip of the cantle like how. XD

I love the kid in the helmet looking at him like- you fucking moron.

(via wtfhorsepics)

461 notes

foxinu:

mgkesi:

Saw an article about this and found the video on Youtube.  A cat saves a child from an attacking dog. 

WARNING:  Graphic wound photos at end.

WOW what a good kitty! Give that kitty several medals and literally anything else it ever wants. 

Rockefeller would have left me to die, only hoping the dog didn’t take out my boyfriend too, lest he have no one left to feed him.

The actual bite lasted about three seconds. Now, this doesn’t look like a pet dog, and was probably a neighborhood stray, but this really runs home the point about how dangerous it is to leave small children and dogs unattended for even a moment. Well socialized dogs are generally more tolerant but accidents can happen and it’s the child and dog who must pay.

This also goes for the people who bring small children into the dog park and people who let their children run up to other dogs saying “oh, don’t worry, we’ve got a dog at home.” Yes, but not all dogs have a child at home or the patience for one.

Oh, I forgot mad kudo to that cat for being a bamf. He should live out his days on a plush bed with all the catnip and scratching posts he could want,

(via howtoskinatiger)

Filed under dog attack gore